Allotee: The person who is allotted a property, either by government body/authority or by a developer.
Agent: Also known as Real Estate Agent, Realtor or Broker. An agent plays the role of a facilitator for property transactions for a consideration.
Built-up area: includes the carpet area and thickness of external walls, internal walls and columns. It is typically 10-20% more than the carpet area and is also sometimes known as the plinth area.
Carpet area: The actual usable area within the walls of the floor is Carpet area.
Clear Title: A title that is free from claims or legal questions and all other encumbrances about the ownership of the property.
Commencement Certificate: A certificate issued by the appropriate local authority certifying the construction may commence. Typically, this is done after the concerned party has obtained sanction of plans for the construction of a multi-storied building and has put the columns in place indicating the building boundaries.
Common Areas: Those portions of a building, land and amenities owned (or managed) by a planned unit development (PUD) or condominium project's homeowners' association (or a cooperative project's cooperative corporation) that are used by all of the unit owners, who share in the common expenses of their operation and maintenance. Common areas include swimming pools, tennis courts, and other recreational facilities, as well as common corridors of buildings and parking areas.
Common Area Maintenance (CAM): Common areas include hallways, pathways and utilities. CAM fees are accumulation by the landlords from the tenants to cover maintenance, property taxes and insurance in the case of Triple Net Lease.
Encumbrance Certificate: A report issued by Registrar of Assurances or Sub-Registrar's office after due verification of the relevant documents certifying that the property in question is free from all encumbrances such as mortgages, leases, easements or restrictions.
Efficiency ratio: Efficiency ratio is expressed as a share of carpet to super areas of the property.
Floor Space Index (FSI): Floor Space Index is the quotient of the ratio of the combined gross floor area of all floors excepting areas specifically exempted under these regulations to the total area of the plot.
Maintenance charges: These are charges taken by the maintenance society towards the maintenance of the property which includes costs of generator sets, security, landscaping, and common areas.
Market value: Valuation process evaluates the market value of the property. Demand and supply forces in the market and factors like type of property, quality and construction, its location, infrastructure and available maintenance are taken into consideration. Market value of the property is the price that the property commands in the open market.
Occupancy Certificate or OC: A certificate issued by the local development authority certifying that all necessary works have been completed as per the sanctioned plans and that the property is fit for occupation. The OC is issued after clearance from the water, electricity, sewerage, fire fighting authorities etc.
Registration charges: The fees associated with getting the legal title registered in your name. This legal process takes place in the sub-registrar’s office in your local court.
Super area: This is as a rule regards to the entire area of the building which includes carpet area, lobbies and corridors, walls, lifts, staircases basements, and other atrium and utility areas. In Mumbai, the area under water tanks and other utility rooms are included in the super areas. In Delhi, the basement is excluded in super area unless it is being used for commercial purposes. In Chennai, the basement and atrium areas are included in the super areas and in Bangalore; the basement is not included in the super area.
Stamp duty: Real Estate Stamp duty is a type of tax accumulation by the Government of India. Stamp duty is established on the agreement value or on the market value whichever is greater.
Sale deed: Sale deed provides the buyer the absolute and undisputed ownership of the property. With this law, the seller transfers his right of property to the buyer. Subsequently, it is executed to the execution of the sale agreement and after compliance of various terms and conditions detailed in the agreement.
Title: The document that provides legal evidence that the person has the right to the possession of the land.